汤塘省报新闻网正文

「娱乐平台提现系统维护」初中英语考试必考考点:名词详细讲解+专练,建议收藏

2020-01-09 15:19:39 阅读量:2548

原标题:「娱乐平台提现系统维护」初中英语考试必考考点:名词详细讲解+专练,建议收藏

「娱乐平台提现系统维护」初中英语考试必考考点:名词详细讲解+专练,建议收藏

娱乐平台提现系统维护,点击右上角关注我们,主页私信回复:初中英语,即可获得完整版pdf文档

考点一:可数名词 & 不可数名词

1. 单、复数形式的变化

★可数名词有单数和复数两种形式,可数名词复数形式分规则变化和不规则变化。不规则变化的名词复数形式需专门记忆,常见的有man→men, woman→women, child→children, tooth→teeth, mouse→mice, foot→feet等。还有一些单复数同形的名词,如fish, sheep, chinese, japanese等。

温馨提示:

(1)由man构成的表示某国人复数的变化形式:englishman→englishmen, frenchman→frenchmen, german→germans。

(2)名词修饰名词时,若前面的名词是man和woman,变复数时,两个名词同时变为复数形式(如a woman teacher→two women teachers);如果是其他名词,变复数时,只需把后面的名词变为复数形式(如a girl student→two girl students)。

(3)由“数词+连字符+名词(+连字符+形容词)”构成的合成形容词作定语时,该名词用单数形式,如two-day holiday(=two days' holiday),也可以表示为two day(s) holiday,但在中考选择题中优先选择前两种表达形式。

★不可数名词没有单、复数形式的变化。但若要表示不可数名词的量,通常可用相应的单位词,如piece, cup, bowl, bottle等,复数形式常体现在单位词上,如two bottles of yogurt。

2. 修饰词 

3. 对数量提问使用的疑问词

★对可数名词的量提问时用how many。

★对不可数名词的量提问时用how much。

4. 兼作可数名词和不可数名词的名词

这类名词需在句中根据语法及句意判断是可数还是不可数,如glass(玻璃)→a glass(玻璃杯),chicken(鸡肉) →a chicken(小鸡),orange(橙汁) →an orange(橙子)。

【考例链接】

Ⅰ. 单项选择

( )1. —mom, please give me two ______. i want to make vegetable salad.

—ok. here you are.

a. tomato b. tomatoes c. tomatos

( )2. there are a lot of ______ on the grassland. ______ sheep-dog is sitting next to them.

a. sheep; the b. sheep; a c. sheeps; the d. sheeps; a

( )3. many ______ are playing an active part in making kunming a civilized city (文明城市).

a. man b. woman c. volunteer d. volunteers

( )4. the broken ______ may cut into your hand if you touch it. you should be careful.

a. glass b. glasses c. candle d. candles

( )5. —are you thirsty?

—yes, please give us ______.

a. three bottle water b. three bottle of water c. three bottles of water d. three bottles of waters

( )6. i went to the hospital yesterday. i found a few ______ there.

a. man nurses b. men nurse c. men nurses

( )7. i can give you lots of ______ on how to improve your speaking skills.

a. advice b. way c. idea

( )8. we all expect the ______ summer holiday after the exam.

a. two month b. two-month c. two-months d. two months

( )9. —i went from a school desk to a ship in my teens.

—______ days would you be at sea? homesick?

a. how long b. how many c. how much d. how soon

Ⅱ. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空

1. many _______(hero) have set good examples for us to follow.

2. my parents are _______(german), but they need to live and work in england.

3. look! so many _______(girl) students are enjoying themselves on the playground.

4. would you like to eat some _______(orange) or drink some _______(orange) juice?

5. how much _______(sugar) did you put in your coffee?

6. this supermarket has 700 free parking _______(space). but now there is no _______(space) for the car.

7. we have a 7-_______(day) holiday. we want to stay at home to relax.

考点二:名词词义辨析

解题关键:通过分析具体的语境来辨析名词的词义。

【考例链接】

单项选择

( )1. —what's your ______ to english learning, lin tao?

—i think watching english movies is helpful.

a. place b. age c. time d. secret

( )2. —the dishes in this restaurant must be very expensive.

—don't worry. you can enjoy yourself. it's my ______.

a. time b. treat c. task d. taste

( )3. we believe one belt, one road (一带一路) will help china improve the ______ with lots of countries.

a. relationship b. situation c. environment

( )4. —it's his new book, but i think it is more interesting than his other books.

—i agree with you. his latest book is up to his highest ______.

a. choice b. standard c. purpose d. wealth

考点三:名词所有格(’s所有格和of所有格)

1. 单数名词、人名和不以-s结尾的复数名词的所有格通常在词尾加's;以-s结尾的复数名词的所有格在词尾加'。

2. 用and连接两个并列名词,如果表示两者共同拥有,只在第二个名词后加's 即可;如果表示两者各自拥有,则每个名词后都加's。

3. 表示时间、距离、价格、国家、城市等无生命的事物的名词,可在词尾加's 或' 来构成所有格(如yesterday's newspaper, five kilometers' distance, america's flag)。其他表示无生命的事物的名词,一般用“of+名词”来表示,作后置定语(如the face of a clock)。

【考例链接】

Ⅰ. 单项选择

( )1. “it depends on my ______ decision,” the mother said and looked at her two sons.

a. children b. children's c. child d. child's

( )2. —how far is your home from the train station?

—it's about 20 ______ walk.

a. minute b. minutes c. minute's d. minutes'

( )3. ______ mother works in st. mary's hospital.

a. jim and bob b. jim's and bob's c. jim and bob's

( )4. the online shop sells ______ shoes at a very low price.

a. child and men's b. children and men's c. children's and men d. children's and men's

Ⅱ. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空

1. the _______ faces were a sight, covered with dust. (boy)

2. _____(teacher) day is coming. i will get my chinese, math, english _______(teacher) some flowers.

3. this is _______(tom and jack) bedroom. it's tidy and nice.

4. _______(lucy and lily) mothers didn't come to this meeting, because they had an more important meeting.

5. the station is about two _______(hour) walk from my home.

责编 | 杨宁

审稿 | 李栋

校稿 | 吕放

点击右上角关注我们,主页私信回复:初中英语,即可获得完整版pdf文档